Bibliography and Archive: The Military, Intelligence Agencies, and the Academy (with special reference to anthropology) – Documents, News, Reports

By Maximilian C. Forte

Over 470 reports have been published online concerning the relationships between anthropology, other parts of academia, and the military and intelligence agencies since 2001. The items covered here consist of online publications of the mainstream and alternative media, documents online referred to by journalists, statements and reports from professional associations, and journal publications by some of the key actors. The period in focus stretches mostly from 2000 to 10 February 2010. Blog posts, too numerous, are generally not included in this bibliography/archive, nor are books (which generally cannot be annotated and archived in their non-electronic formats) — indeed, a Google search for “human terrain system” returns almost 5.9 million results. The focus here is largely on the Human Terrain System; the Pentagon’s Minerva research initiative; the role of intelligence agencies in American universities, the use of social science research for developing torture techniques used in Abu Ghraib (Iraq) and Guantánamo (U.S. colony in Cuba); and, the use of social science in fashioning a “culturally sensitive” counterinsurgency doctrine.

These materials are presented in a variety of formats, each of which serves a particular purpose. The HTML list following below is for easy and rapid access, and to generate an output that can be mined by search engines. The Diigo list/archive provides the same items but with a difference: extended extracts from each piece are provided, along with each item’s own archived web page, especially since already many items are beginning to vanish from the Internet. The Diigo PDF does not provide the archived pages, but is a printable version of the extracts for each item. The PDF bibliography for downloading is identical in content to what follows on this page. Finally, the complete list of all posts on HTS and Minerva published on this blog since its inception are provided in a separate Diigo list (again with each post archived via Diigo).


Items are presented in no particular order. This is the only item that will be updated for the foreseeable future. You can also play the entire collection as Webslides.




Identical to what is presented below on this page, in alphabetical and chronological order, but with neither the extracts nor the archived web pages offered above. [45 pages, 210 Kb]


Same as the above, except that archived web pages are not included. The items are mostly in alphabetical order. This file will not be updated. [990 pages, 14.6 Mb]


A complete list and archive of all 204 posts published to date on this blog dealing with anthropology, the  Human Terrain System, and the Minerva Research Initiative. They are presented in the order in which they appeared, with the earliest posts appearing first.

Photo: (left) Army Capt. Thomas H. Melton, a native of Shreveport, La., and commander of Troop A, 1st Squadron, 75th Cavalry Regiment, and Marcus Griffin, an anthropologist for the 101st Airborne Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team (left-center), talk with an Iraqi woman inside her home in Ghazaliyah, Iraq, Jan. 13, 2008. Photo by Sgt. James P. Hunter, USA.


Ackerman, Spencer. (2008). The rise of the counterinsurgents: Women prominent in the defense movement. The Washington Independent, July 8.

Ackerman, Spencer. (2008). A counterinsurgency guide for politicos. The Washington Independent, July 28.

Agar, Michael. (2008). War and peace. Newsletter of the Society for Applied Anthropology 19 (1) Feb: 5-7.

Albro, Robert. (2007). Cultural Knowledge for the Military and the Limits of Anthropological Ethics. Presented at the Symposium “Rights and Responsibilities: Scientific Associations and International Human Rights Norms.” AAAS. Washington, DC. Dec. 10.

Albro, Robert. (2008). Scholars and security. The Minerva Controversy, November 14.

Albro, Robert. (2009). CEAUSSIC: Anthropologists and analysts. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, June 8.

Alpert, Bruce. (2009). Family of Afghan victim seeks to help her avenger. The Times-Picayune, February 14.

Alpert, Bruce. (2009). Contractor gets probation in death of Afghan prisoner. The Times-Picayune, May 8.

American Anthropological Association. (2006). Anthropologists weigh in on Iraq, torture at annual meeting. American Anthropological Association, 11 December.

American Anthropological Association. (2007). AAA Executive Board Statement on the Human Terrain System Project. October 31.

American Anthropological Association. (2007). AAA Commission on the Engagement of Anthropology with the US Security and Intelligence Communities, Final Report. November 4.

American Anthropological Association. (2008). Letter from President Setha Low to the Honorable Jim Nussle, Office of Budget and Management. May 28.

American Anthropological Association. (2008). Proposed changes to the AAA Code of Ethics. AAA Public Affairs Blog, September 24.

American Anthropological Association. (2009). CEAUSSIC Releases Final Report on Army HTS Program. American Anthropological Association, no date.

American Anthropological Association. (2009). AAA Commission Releases Final Report on Army Human Terrain System. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, December 8.

American Anthropological Association. (2009). AAA Commission on the Engagement of Anthropology with the US Security and Intelligence Communities (CEAUSSIC) — Final Report on The Army’s Human Terrain System Proof of Concept Program. Submitted to the Executive Board of the American Anthropological Association, October 14.

American Anthropological Association. (2010). Annual Meeting Podcast: War and Counter-Counterinsurgency. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, January 28.

Anderson, Claudia. (2010). Getting to know you: The U.S. military maps the human terrain of Afghanistan. Weekly Standard, January 18.

Asher, Thomas. (2008), Making sense of Minerva controversy and the SSRC. The Minerva Controversy, October 9.

AP. (2010). Shiite Militant Group Posts Video of Abducted American in Iraq. Associated Press, February 6.,2933,584993,00.html

The Atlantic. (2009) Brave New Thinkers: Montgomery McFate. The Atlantic, November.

August, Oliver. (2010). Missing US contractor Issa Salomi paraded by terrorist group. Times Online, February 8.

Axe, David. (2008). Anthropologists launch ‘Human Terrain’ probe. WIRED Blog Network, August 1.

Axe, David. (2009). War is boring: After setbacks, Human Terrain System rebuilds. World Politics Review (WPR), November 25.

BAE Systems. (2008). BAE Systems statement regarding the loss of employee in Iraq. Business Wire, June 25.

BAE Systems. (2009). [Brochure] Supporting on the Front Line.

Barakat, Matthew. (2009). Army contractor pleads guilty in detainee shooting. Washington Post, February 4.

Barakat, Matthew. (2009). Contractor gets probation for killing prisoner. Associated Press, May 8.

Bateman, Robert. (2007). How to make war: Unusual U.S. military field manual had an unusual provenance. Chicago Tribune, September 8.

Baty, Phil. (2005). CIA outrages UK academics by planting spies in classroom. Times Higher Education Supplement, June 3.

Baty, Phil. (2006). Life-risking ‘spy’ plan pulled. Times Higher Education Supplement, October 20.

BBC. (2005). Fears over CIA university spies. June 2.

BBC. (2009). Anthropology at War. BBC Radio Four. Audio:

Beeman, William O. (2008). “Lethal field work: Anthropologists cry foul over colleagues’ aid to Iraq occupation.” AlterNet (reprinted from Le Monde), April 5.

Belt, Mike. (2007). Troops, profs explore ‘cultural agility’: Discussion to focus on saving lives through social sciences. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 9.

Belt, Mike. (2007). Army general: Military adapting to modern wars. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 15.

Belt, Mike. (2007). Three questions with … Britt Damon, civilian analyst with the Army. [Video] Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 16.

Belt, Mike. (2007). Military veteran: Knowing war zone’s culture important. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 16.

Belt, Mike. (2007). Anthropologists feel tug of rocky wartime union: Their knowledge can be useful to the military, but the marriage makes some uncomfortable. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 19.

Bender, Bryan. (2007). Efforts to aid US roil anthropology: Some object to project on Iraq, Afghanistan. Boston Globe, October 8.

Beyerstein, Lindsay. (2007). Anthropologists on the Front Lines: The Pentagon’s new program to embed anthropologists with combat brigades raises many concerns. In These Times, November 30.

Blackwell, Tom. (2008). Mapping ‘white’ Afghans aim to end civilian deaths. Calgary Herald, November 8.

Blackwell, Tom. (2008). ‘Situational awareness’ teams deployed — Afghanistan; Units help military better understand local communities. National Post, November 15.

Blascovich, James J., and Hartel, Christine R. (Eds.). (2007). Human Behavior in Military Contexts. Committee on Opportunities in Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences for the U.S. Military, Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council of the National Academies, September 17.

Boas, Franz. (1919). Scientists as spies. The Nation, October 16. Reprinted in Roberto J. González, ed. (2004) Anthropologists in the Public Sphere, pp. 23-25. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Boot, Max. (2005). Navigating the ‘human terrain’. Los Angeles Times, December 7.

Bottum, Joseph. (2010). Afghanistan studies. First Things, January 31.

Boyle, Mark. (2009). KU professor set to retire. [Video] Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, December 7.

Bracken, Paul. (2008). Scholars and security. The Minerva Controversy, November 10.

Brainard, Jeffery. (2008). U.S. Defense Secretary asks universities for new cooperation. Chronicle of Higher Education, April 16.

Burghardt, Tom. (2008). Militarizing the social sciences. Global, August 6.

Burleigh, Nina. (2007). McFate’s Mission — Can a former punk rocker raised on a houseboat change the way America fights? meet the pentagon’s newest weapon in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. MORE, September, 122, 124, 126, 128.

Butcher, David R. (2007). Army of anthropologists enter war zones. Industry Market Trends, October 16.

Campbell, Monica. (2008). Fulbright Scholar Says He Was Asked to Spy While in Bolivia. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (24) February 2.

Canon, Scott. (2007).  Anthropologists debate ethics of working on war effort. Kansas City Star, September 30. (no longer online)

Carlough, Montgomery Cybele (1994).  Pax Brittania: British counterinsurgency in Northern Ireland, 1969-1982. Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, United States — Connecticut. (Publication No. AAT 9522728).

Caryl, Christian. (2009). Reality check: Human Terrain Teams. Foreign Policy, September 8.

Chandler, Jennifer V. (2005). Why culture matters: An empirically-based pre-deployment training program. Thesis for the M.A. in National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California.

Charles, Henry, Fr. (2007). Anthropologists on front lines. Trinidad Guardian, November 26.

Chronicle of Higher Education. (2007). Embedded anthropologists. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (8), October 19.

Cohen, Patricia. (2008). Pentagon to consult academics on security. The New York Times, June 18.

Cohen, Patricia. (2009). Panel criticizes military’s use of embedded anthropologists. New York Times, December 3.

Cole, Rob. (2010). Video Of US Hostage Held In Iraq Released. Sky News, February 6.

Coll, Steve. (2009). Human terrain. The National, December 17.

Connable, Ben. (2009). All our eggs in a broken basket: How the Human Terrain System is undermining sustainable military cultural competence. Military Review, March-April: 57–64.

Constable, Pamela. (2009). A terrain’s tragic shift: Researcher’s death intensifies scrutiny of U.S. cultural program in Afghanistan. Washington Post, February 18.

Corona, Victor P. (2008). Possibilities for partnerships? The Minerva Controversy, October 27.

Cragg, Jennifer. (2008). Pentagon funds national security research. American Forces Press Service, 14 July. (2006). Scientists studies soldiers ‘outside the wire.’ CTV News Canada, 27 August.

Daily, Eric. (2010). Escorted ethnography: Ethics, the Human Terrain System and American anthropology in conflict. Berkeley Undergraduate Journal, 22 (2), January 13.;via-ignore%3Drss

Delp, Benjamin T. (2008). Ethnographic Intelligence (ETHINT) and Cultural Intelligence (CULINT): Employing under-utilized strategic intelligence gathering disciplines for more effective diplomatic and military planning. IIIA Technical Paper 08-02, April.

Democracy Now. (2005). The intelligence-university complex: CIA secretly supports scholarships. Democracy Now, 03 August.

Democracy Now. (2007). Anthropologists Up in Arms Over Pentagon’s “Human Terrain System” to Recruit Graduate Students to Serve in Iraq, Afghanistan. Democracy Now, December 13.

Democracy Now. (2010). David Price: “The CIA Is Welcoming Itself Back onto American University Campuses.” Democracy Now, February 9.

Devji, Faisal. (2008). De-militarization. The Minerva Controversy, October 9.

DeYoung, Karen. (2009). U.S. moves to replace contractors in Iraq: Blackwater losing security role; other jobs being converted to public sector. The Washington Post, March 17, A07.

Dickinson, Elizabeth. (2009). A bright shining slogan: How “hearts and minds” came to be. Foreign Policy, August 24.

DPA. (2008). US forces find footing in Afghanistan’s ‘human terrain’ – Feature. The Earth Times, Oct. 13.,us-forces-find-

Drozdova, Katya, and Popp, Robert. (n.d.) Enhancing C4I Systems with Actionable Human Terrain Knowledge.

Eldridge, Erik B., and, Neboshynsky, Andrew J. (2008). Quantifying Human terrain. Thesis for the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California.

Elliot, Geoff. (2008). Iraq war stupid, Aussie David Kilcullen tells US. The Australian, August 2.,25197,24115544-2702,00.html

Engerman, David C. (2009). Jihadology: How the creation of Sovietology should guide the study of today’s threats. Foreign Affairs, December 8.

Ephron, Dan and Silvia Spring. (2008). A gun in one hand, a pen in the other: The Army is spending millions to hire ‘experts’ to analyze Iraqi society. If only they could find some. Newsweek, April 12.

Eskander, Saad. (2008). Minerva Research Initiative: Searching for the truth or denying the Iraqis the rights to know the truth? The Minerva Controversy, October 29.

Featherstone, Steve. (2008). Human quicksand for the U.S. Army, a crash course in cultural studies. Harper’s Magazine, September.

Feaver, Peter D. (2008). Pentagon funding? Bring it on. Foreign Policy, August.

Field, Kelly. (2005). Critics Question Need for Third Intelligence-Scholarship Program. Chronicle of Higher Education, 51 (40) June 10.

Finney, Nathan K. (2008). The military and anthropology. Newsletter of the Society for Applied Anthropology 19 (1) Feb: 7-8.

Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. (2008). Anthropology and ethics in America’s declining imperial age. Anthropology Today, 24 (4) August: 18-22.

Fluehr-Lobban, Carolyn. (2009). CEAUSSIC: Why not mandate ethics education for professional training of anthropologists? Blog of the American Anthropological Association, October 13.

Flynn, Michael T., Major General; Pottinger, Matt, Captain; and Batchelor, Paul D. (2009). Fixing Intel: A Blueprint for Making Intelligence Relevant in Afghanistan. Center for a New American Security, January 4.

Forte, Maximilian C. (2009). Militarizing Anthropology, Researching for Empire. Culture, 2 (2) Fall: 6-10.

Forte, Maximilian C. (2009). “Useless Anthropology”: Strategies for Dealing with the Militarization of the Academy. Zero Anthropology, May 22.

Forte, Maximilian C. (2009). (Re)Imperializing Anthropology and Decolonizing Knowledge Production. Zero Anthropology, September 19.

Foust, Joshua. (2009). What Does ‘Securing the People’ Mean in Afghanistan? World Politics Review, September 8.

Foust, Joshua. (2010). Fixing Afghanistan’s intelligence., January 22.

Fox News. (2010). Afghan men struggle with sexual identity, study finds. January 28.

Gallagher, Sean. (2009). Taming the Terrain: U.S. Human Terrain System adds more mapping software. C4ISR Journal, May: 28-30.

Garamone, Jim. (2009). General discusses ‘complex human terrain.’ American Forces Press Service, December 17.

Gates, Robert M. (2008). Speech to the Association of American Universities, Washington, D.C. As Delivered by Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates, Washington D.C., Monday, April 14, 2008.

Gearty, Conor. (2008). Skewing scholarship. The Minerva Controversy, October 9.

Geller, Adam. (2009). “1 man’s odyssey from campus to combat.” Associated Press, 07 March.

Geller, Adam. (2009). ‘Professor’ pays a heavy price. Associated Press, Sunday, March 8.

Geller, Adam. (2009). Bridging the gap. Columbia Missourian, Wednesday, April 8.

Gezari, Vanessa M. (2009). Rough Terrain. Washington Post, Sunday, August 30, 2009.

Gezari, Vanessa M. (2009). The theft of the Mullah Kit. Untold Stories: Dispatches from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, August 28, 2009.

Ghafour, Hamida. (2008). Use of social scientists in war sparks controversy. The National (UAE), November 29, p. 20.

Gill, John. (2008). Researchers fear Pentagon will infiltrate anthropology. Times Higher Education, September 22.

Gledhill, John. (2006). On the Moos controversy. ASA Ethics Blog, May 32.

Gledhill, John. (2008). Anthropology and espionage. BBC 3, November 18.

Glenn, David. (2005). Cloak and classroom. Chronicle of Higher Education, March 25.

Glenn, David. (2007). Patriotic, or Unethical? Anthropologists Debate Whether to Help U.S. Security Agencies. Chronicle of Higher Education, 53 (29) March 23.

Glenn, David. (2007). Petitioners urge anthropologists to stop working with Pentagon in Iraq war. Chronicle of Higher Education, September 19.

Glenn, David. (2007). Anthropologists in a war zone: Scholars debate their role. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (14), November 30.
archived at:

Glenn, David. (2007). Anthropologists vote to clamp down on secret scholarship. Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog, December 1.

Glenn, David. (2007). Former Human Terrain System participant describes program in disarray. Chronicle of Higher Education, December 5.

Glenn, David. (2008). Minerva unveiled: Pentagon invites applicants for social-science grants. Chronicle of Higher Education, June 17.

Glenn, David. (2008). Minerva takes flesh: Pentagon and Science Foundation sign social science deal. Chronicle of Higher Education, June 30.

Glenn, David. (2008). NSF invites proposals for Pentagon-sponsored research program. Chronicle of Higher Education, August 1.

Glenn, David. (2008). Anthropology Association unveils proposed rules on secret research. Chronicle of Higher Education News Blog, September 25.

Glenn, David. (2009). Program to embed anthropologists with military lacks ethical standards, report says. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 3.;

Glenn, David. (2009). Military’s Human-Terrain Program Might Be Ethical, Philosopher Says. The Chronicle of Higher Education, December 3.

Glevum Associates. (2009). Afghan election survey – Executive Summary. Glevum Associates Social Science & Research Analysis (SSRA), August 9.

Glod, Maria. (2008). Military’s social science grants raise alarm. The Washington Post, Sunday, August 3.

Golden, Serena. (2010). ‘Know your enemy.’ Inside Higher Ed, January 8.

Goldstein, Evan R. (2007). Professors on the battlefield: Where the warfare is more than just academic. Wall Street Journal, August 17.

Goldstein, Evan R. (2008). Enlisting social scientists. Chronicle of Higher Education, July 4.

González, Roberto J. (2004). Introduction. In Roberto Gonzalez (Ed.), Anthropologists in the Public Sphere: Speaking Out on War, Peace, and American Power, online. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

González, Roberto J. (2007). We must fight the militarization of anthropology. Psyche, Science, and Society, January 29.

González, Roberto J. (2007). Towards mercenary anthropology?  US Counterinsurgency Field Manual 3-24 and the military-anthropology complex. Anthropology Today, 23 (3): 14-19.

González, Roberto J. (2007). Comment: Patai and Abu Ghraib. Anthropology Today, 23 (5) October: 23.

González, Roberto J. (2007). Phoenix reborn? The rise of the ‘Human Terrain System.’ Anthropology Today, 23 (6) December: 21-22.

González, Roberto J. (2008). ‘Human terrain’: Past, present and future applications. Anthropology Today, 24 (1) January: 21-26.

González, Roberto J. (2008). A Phoenix Rising? The $60 million U.S. program to embed social scientists in combat brigades. Z Magazine, May.

González, Roberto J. (2008). Bribing the “Tribes”: How social scientists are helping to divide and conquer Iraq. Z Magazine, December.

González, Roberto J. (2009). Springing a leak: A comment on the Human Terrain Team handbook. Anthropology Today, 25 (1) February, 27-28.

González, Roberto J. (2009). Going ‘Tribal’: Notes on Social Scientists’ Involvement in Twenty-First Century Pacification Efforts. Paper presented at the Southwestern Anthropological Association Annual Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 30-May 3.

González, Roberto J. (2009). ‘Going Tribal’: Notes on pacification in the 21st century. Anthropology Today, 25 (2) April: 15-19.

González, Roberto J., and Gusterson, Hugh. (2009). Taking the next step: Why we should continue strengthening the AAA Ethics Code. Anthropology News, September.

González, Roberto J., and Price, David H. (2007). When anthropologists become counter-insurgents — Pledging to boycott the “War on Terror.” CounterPunch, September 28.

Goodman, Alan H. (2002). Engaging with National Security.

Gordon, Jerry. (2010). Is profiling the answer for airport security? Red County, January 6.

Government Accountability Office. (2008). More Transparency Needed over the Financial and Human Capital Operations of the Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization. U.S. Government Accountability Office, GAO-08-342, March.

Gregory, Derek. (2008). ‘The rush to the intimate’: Counterinsurgency and the cultural turn. Radical Philosophy (150) July-August.

see also:


Griffin, Marcus B. (2007). Research to reduce bloodshed. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (14) November 30.

Gusterson, Hugh. (n.d.). An interview with Hugh Gusterson. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, n.d.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2003). Anthropology and the military — 1968, 2003, and beyond? Anthropology Today, 19 (3) June: 25-26.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2005). Anthropologists as spies: A response to ‘CIA seeks anthropologists,’ news item in AT 20[4]. Anthropology Today, 21 (3) June: 25-26.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2005). The ethics of spying: A response to B. Dean, AT 21[4]. Anthropology Today, 21 (5) October: 21-22.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2007). Anthropology and militarism. Annual Review of Anthropology 36: 155-175.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2007). Anthropologists and war: A Response to David Kilcullen. Anthropology Today, 23 (4): 23.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2008). The U.S. military’s quest to weaponize culture. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, June 20.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2008). When professors go to war: Why the Ivory Tower and the Pentagon don’t mix. Foreign Policy, July.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2008). Anthropologists on the front line. New Scientist, 199 (2667) August 2.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2008). Project Minerva revisited. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, August 5.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2008). Unveiling Minerva. The Minerva Controversy, October 9.

Gusterson, Hugh. (2009). Project Minerva and the militarization of anthropology. Radical Teacher, 86: 4-16.

Gusterson, Hugh and Price, David H. (2005).  Spies in our midst. Anthropology News, September.

Gusterson, Hugh, and Price, David H. (2007). Reconsidering “Why Dr. Johnny won’t go to war.” Small Wars Journal, May.

Hansen, Matthew. (2009). For Afghanistan: brains, not bombs. Omaha World-Herald, September 11.

Hayden, Tom. (2007). The new counterinsurgency. The Nation, September 6. Retrieved July 18, 2008, from

Helbig, Zenia. (2007). Memorandum to Chairmen Waxman and Skelton, and Congressmen Davis and Goode: Human Terrain Systems program, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. September 13.

Helbig, Zenia. (2007). Personal perspective on the Human Terrain Systems program. Delivered at the AAA’s Annual Conference, November 29.

Helbig, Zenia, and Tompkins, Matthew. (2008). Letter to Project on Government Oversight (POGO) on U.S. Army Human Terrain Malfeasance. 28 March.

Helmke, Paul. (2008). The NRA’s dirty tricks. The Huffington Post, July 30.

Hersh, Seymour M. (2004). The Gray Zone: How a secret Pentagon program came to Abu Ghraib. The New Yorker, May 24.

Hess, Amanda. (2008). I spy NRA spy. The Washington City Paper, August 12.

Hill, Mike. (2009). “Terrorists Are Human Beings”: Mapping the U.S. Army’s “Human Terrain Systems” Program. Differences, 20 (3): 250-278.

Hodge, Nathan. (2008). Afghanistan Diary: Mapping the Human Terrain in Helmand, Part I. Wired Blogs: Danger Room, Oct. 14. Retrieved October 17, 2008, from

Hodge, Nathan. (2009). ‘Oil Spot Spock’ and the Human Terrain Team. WIRED: Danger Room, August 31, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2009, from

Hodge, Nathan. (2010). Spies Like Us: Top U.S. Intel Officer Says Spooks Could Learn From Journos. WIRED Danger Room, January 5.

House of Representatives (U.S.), Committee on Armed Services. (2008). Report of the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, on H.R. 5568, together with additional views. Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009. 110th Congress, 2d Session, Report 110-652. Washington D.C., May 16.

Human Terrain System. (2008). The Human Terrain System: Mission, organization, and capabilities. April 9.

Hunter, James P., Sgt. (2008). Anthropologist helps soldiers understand Iraqis’ needs. American Forces Press Service, January 25.

Isenberg, David. (2007). Touchy, feely in the kill chain. Asia Times Online, Dec. 18.

Isenberg, David. (2009). Dogs of War: The good, the bad and the contractor., March 27.

Jackson, Andrea V. (2004). Cultural training and intelligence for OIF. Presented at the 2004 Naval Industry R&D Conference, August 5.

Jackson, Andrea V., and McFate, Montgomery. (2005). An organizational solution for DoD’s cultural knowledge needs. Military Review, July-August: 18-21.

Jackson, Andrea V., and McFate, Montgomery. (2006). The object beyond war: Counterinsurgency and the four tools of political competition. Military Review, January-February: 13-26.

Jackson, Jean. (2009). CEAUSSIC: Reflections on the soon-to-be-released CEAUSSIC Report. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, November 30.

Jager, Sheila Miyoshi. (2007). On the uses of cultural knowledge. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle PA. November.

Jamail, Dahr. (2009). Occupying Hearts and Minds. Dahr Jamail’s Mideast Dispatches (blog), May 1.

Jamail, Dahr. (2009). Engineering ‘Trust of the Indigenous Population’: How Some Anthropologists Have Learned to Stop Worrying and Start Loving the Army. Dahr Jamail’s Mideast Dispatches (blog), May 17.

Jamail, Dahr. (2009). Colonizing Culture. Dahr Jamail’s Mideast Dispatches (blog), May 27.

Jamail, Dahr. (2010). When scholars join the slaughter. Truthout, January 26.

Jaschik, Scott. (2006). If CIA calls, should Anthropology answer? Inside Higher Ed. September 1.

Jaschik, Scott. (2006). Torture and social scientists. Inside Higher Ed. November 22.

Jaschik, Scott. (2007). Ethics rebellion in Psychology. Inside Higher Ed. October 12.

Jaschik, Scott. (2007). Are IRBs needed for war zones? Inside Higher Ed. October 22.

Jaschik, Scott. (2007). Ethics and engagement with the military. Inside Higher Ed., November 29.

Jaschik, Scott. (2007). Questions, anger and dissent on ethics study. Inside Higher Ed. November 20.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). Defining a Ban on Secret Research. Inside Higher Ed. March 13.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). A Pentagon olive branch to academe. Inside Higher Ed. April 16.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). Pentagon provides details on ‘Minerva.’ Inside Higher Ed. May 12.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). Pentagon shift on ‘Minerva.’ Inside Higher Ed. May 28.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). Torture and the research star. Inside Higher Ed. July 22.

Jaschik, Scott. (2008). First ‘Minerva’ grants awarded. Inside Higher Ed. December 29.

Jaschik, Scott. (2009). Anthropologists toughen ethics code. Inside Higher Ed. February 19.

Jayson, Sharon. (2007). Anthropologists battle over ethics of embeds. USA Today, November 27.

Jean, Grace V. (2010). Army’s anthropology teams under fire, but in demand. National Defense, February.,ButinDemand.aspx

Jean, Grace V. (2010). ‘Culture maps’ becoming essential tools of war. National Defense, February.

J-7 Joint Staff. n.d. Military Operations Other than War. Joint Doctrine. Joint Force Employment (J-7 Operational Plans and Interoperability Directorate). Washington, D.C.

Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2009). Joint Publication, 3-24: Counterinsurgency Operations. October 5.

Jorgensen, Joseph G., and Wolf, Eric R. (1970). Anthropology on the warpath in Thailand (a special supplement). The New York Review of Books, 15 (9), November 19.

Joxe, Alain. (2008). Should the social sciences contribute to the art of war in the era of securitization? Or to the crafting of peace? The Minerva Controversy, October 27.

Kahlenberg, Jessica. (2008). Project Minerva combines anthropology with the military. The Flat Hat (College of William & Mary), September 10.

Kamps, Louisa. (2008). Army Brat: How did the child of peace-loving Bay Area parents become the new superstar of national security circles? Elle, April, 309-311, 360-362.

Kavanaugh, Lee Hill. (2008). Army takes Human Terrain to heart. Kansas City Star, October 14, p.1.

Kavanaugh, Lee Hill. (2008). Social-support worker attacked in Afghanistan. Kansas City Star, November 10. (no longer online)

Kealing, Jonathan. (2007). Prof takes war expertise to Oxford. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, September 8.

Keenan, Jeremy. (2009). [Review of] Under Construction: Making Homeland Security at the local level. The Times Higher Education, January 29.

Keller, Josh. (2008). Anthropology Association moves toward adopting ethical rules on military engagement. Chronicle of Higher Education, November 21.

Keller, Josh. (2008). The ethics of a code for anthropologists: Q & A interview with David Price. Chronicle of Higher Education, December 5, 54 (15): A6.

Kilcullen, David J. (2000). The political consequences of military operations in Indonesia 1945-99 : a fieldwork analysis of the political power-diffusion effects of guerilla conflict. Ph.D. dissertation, University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy. Australian Digital Theses Program.

Kilcullen, David. (2006). Twenty-eight articles: Fundamentals of company-level counterinsurgency.

Kilcullen, David. (2007). Ethics, politics, and non-state warfare: A response to González in this Issue. Anthropology Today, 23 (3) June: 20.

King, Christopher. (2009). Managing ethical conflict on a Human Terrain Team. Anthropology News, September 2009.

Kintisch, Eli. (2008). Defense, NSF team up on national security research. Science, 11 July, 321 (5886): 186-187.
[see a snapshot of the webpage and read extracts using the associated diigo list]

Kipp, Jacob; Grau, Lester; Prinslow, Karl; and Smith, Don, Captain. (2006). The Human Terrain System: A CORDS for the 21st Century. Military Review, September-October.

Kleiner, Carolyn F., Lt. Col. (2008). The importance of cultural knowledge for today’s warrior-diplomats. Thesis for the Master of Strategic Studies, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA.

Kolowich, Steve. (2009). Anthropology and the military. Inside Higher Ed, December 4.

Krebs, Ronald R. (2008). Minerva: Unclipping the owl’s wings. The Minerva Controversy, November 19.

Kurtz, Stanley. (2005). Who will defend the defenders? The academy takes aim at the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program. National Review, March 31.

Kusiak, Pauline. (2008). Sociocultural expertise and the military: beyond the controversy. Military Review, Nov-Dec, 65-76.

Labi, Aisha. (2007). British Faculty Union Opposes Plan for Monitoring Extremists. Chronicle of Higher Education, 53 (41) June 15.

Lais, Sami. (2010). ManTech acquisition targets valuable Army customer. Washington Technology, January 28.

Landers, Jim. (2009). Base’s former commander credits Human Terrain Team for reduced casualties. Dallas Morning News, Sunday, March 8.

Landers, Jim. (2009). Anthropologist from Plano maps Afghanistan’s human terrain for Army. Dallas Morning News, Sunday, March 8.

Landers, Jim. (2009). Her mission orders in Afghanistan: Map the human terrain. Boston Herald/Dallas Morning News, March 13.

Lardner, Richard. (2009). Use of social scientists in war criticized: Study questions ethics, effects of Pentagon strategy. Boston Globe, December 4.

Lardner, Richard. (2009). Military’s ‘human terrain’ project criticized by anthropologist group for ethical shortcomings. Canadian Press, December 3.

Lawhorn, Chad. (2002). Professor touts plan to train agents on campus: University ROTC-style program would prepare national security and intelligence officials. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, February 22.

Lawless, Robert. (2009). From Malinowski to Human Terrain Systems: Empires and the Sullying of Anthropology. CounterPunch, November 6-8.

Lawrence, Pfc. J.P. (2004). U.S. Army scientists study Iraqi culture. Operation Iraqi Freedom — Official website of multi-national force — Iraq. June 4.

Lawrence Journal-World & 6News. (2002). University ROTC-style program would prepare national security and intelligence officials. February 22.

Lawrence Journal-World & 6News. (2003). Editorial: International insights. May 21.

Lawrence Journal-World & 6News. (2007). Roundtable combines military, social sciences. November 13.

Lawrence Journal-World & 6News. (2007). Modern warfare discussed at Dole. [Video], November 14.

Lawrence Journal-World & 6News. (2009). Editorial: Knowledge is power: An intelligence education plan that has caught President Obama’s eye had its start right here in Lawrence. July 3.

Logos. (2008). Got No Culture: Anthropology confronts Counterinsurgency. Logos: A Journal of Modern Society and Culture, November 22.

Londoño, Ernesto, and Fadel, Leila. (2010). Officials confirm kidnapping of U.S. contractor in Iraq. Washington Post, February 6.

Lucas, George R. (2008). ‘This is Not Your Father’s War’: Confronting the Moral Challenges of ‘Irregular War’. Banquet Keynote Address, NATO 60th Anniversary Conference: “Building Integrity,” Monterey, CA,February 26.–This%20is%20Not%20your%20Father%27s%20War–NATO%2060th%20Anniversary%20Keynote%20Address.pdf

Lucas, George R. (2008). The morality of military anthropology. Journal of Military Ethics, 7 (3): 165-185.

Lutz, Catherine. (2008). Selling our independence? The perils of Pentagon funding for anthropology. Anthropology Today, 24 (5) October, 1-3.

Lutz, Catherine. (2008). The perils of Pentagon funding for anthropology and the other social sciences. The Minerva Controversy, November 6.

Lutz, Catherine. (2009). Anthropology in an era of permanent war. Anthropologica, 51 (2), 367-380.

Lynch, Marc. (2009). Will the Iraq war change how scholars study the Middle East? Foreign Policy, July 29.

Marcus, George. (2009). CEAUSSIC: Origin story and grande finale. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, December 7.

Marlowe, Ann. (2007). Anthropology goes to war: There are some things the Army needs in Afghanistan, but more academics are not at the top of the list. The Weekly Standard, 013 (11), November 26.

Marrades, Addaia. (2006-2007). Anthropology and the ‘War on Terror’: Analysis of a complex relationship.

Marrero, Tony. (2010). Weeki Wachee man’s task is to win minds, hearts of Afghans. St. Petersburg Times, January 2.

Masselis, Nick. (2009). Human Terrain: A Strategic Imperative on the 21st Century Battlefield. Small Wars Journal.

Maurer, Kevin. (2009). Paratroopers off to new job training Afghan police. Associated Press, August 18.

McAlexander, Joseph C. (2007). Hearts and Minds: Historical Counterinsurgency Lessons to Guide the War of Ideas in the Global War on Terrorism. Air Command and Staff College, Wright Flyer Paper No. 29, Air University Press, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, December.

McCleary, Paul. (2008). Human Terrain Teams. World Politics Review, October 14.

McFate, Montgomery. (2005). Anthropology and counterinsurgency: The strange story of their curious relationship. Military Review, March-April.

McFate, Montgomery. (2005). The military utility of understanding adversary culture. Joint Force Quarterly (38).

McFate, Montgomery. (2007). U.S Military Requirements for Socio-Cultural Knowledge. Institute for Defense Analyses, June 13.

McFate, Montgomery. (2007). Building bridges or burning heretics? A response to González in this Issue. Anthropology Today, 23 (3) June: 21.

McFate, Montgomery. (2008). Testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, Oversight and Investigations Subcommittee, 110th Congress, 2nd session, Hearings on the Importance of Socio-Cultural Knowledge to the U.S. Military. Washington DC: United States House of Representatives, July 9.

McFate, Montgomery, and Fondacaro, Steve. (2008). Cultural knowledge and common sense: A response to González in this Issue. Anthropology Today, 24 (1) February: 27.

McFate, Sean. (2010). I built and African army: Now here’s what it will take to build Afghanistan’s. Foreign Policy, January 7.

McKenna, Brian. (2008). Why I Want to Teach Anthropology at the Army War College: What would Smedley Butler do? CounterPunch, May 28.

McNamara, Laura A. (2010). Moving forward with the CEAUSSIC Ethics Casebook: What is the Casebook, and why now? Blog of the American Anthropological Association, January 27.

Melville, Robin. (2009). Review of David Price’s Anthropological Intelligence: The Deployment and Neglect of American Anthropology in the Second World War. Logos: A Journal of Modern Society and Culture, 8 (2).

Mervis, Jeffrey. (2009). DOD funds new views on conflict with its first Minerva grants. Science, 323, January 30: 576-577.

Metz, Thomas F. (2008). Statement by Lieutenant General Thomas F. Metz, Director, Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization before the House Appropriations Committee Subcommittee on Defense, House of Representatives, February 14.

Mitchell, Rick. (2009). Anthropology: Or How to Win Friends and Influence Afghans. [Flyer].

Miska, Steven M. (2007). The Contribution of Scholars. Chronicle of Higher Education, 54 (14) November 30.

Montgomery, Rick. (2005). Secret students major in spying. Knight Ridder Newspapers, June 28.

Moos, Felix. (2007). Some thoughts on anthropological ethics and today’s conflicts.  American Anthropological Association, January 10.

Mulrine, Anna. (2007). The culture warriors: The Pentagon deploys social scientists to help understand Iraq’s ‘human terrain.’ U.S. News & World Report, November 30.


Mulrine, Anna. (2007). Leading the charge for change: An anthropologist challenges conventional thinking. U.S. News & World Report, November 30.

Nature. (2008). Editorial: A social contract — Efforts to inform U.S. policy with insights from the social sciences could be a win-win approach. Nature, 10 July, 454: 138.

Nature. (2008). Editorial: Failure in the field: The US military’s human-terrain programme needs to be brought to a swift close. Nature, 11 December, 456: 676.

NPR. (2010). In class, Marines learn cultural cost of conflict. National Public Radio, January 9.

NSF. (2008). NSF Signs Memorandum of Understanding with Department of Defense for National Security Research: Social and behavioral scientists invited to study U.S. security issues. National Science Foundation, Press release 08-114, July 2, 2008.

Nugent, David. (2008). ‘Operations other than War’: The politics of academic scholarship in the 21st century. The Minerva Controversy, October 20. Retrieved November 10, 2008, from

Omidian, Patricia. (2009). Living and Working in a War Zone: An Applied Anthropologist in Afghanistan. Practicing Anthropology, 31 (2): 4-11.

Nugent, David. (2008). ‘Operations other than War’: The politics of academic scholarship in the 21st century. The Minerva Controversy, October 20. Retrieved November 10, 2008, from

Numrich, S.K. (n.d.). Human Terrain: A Tactical Issue or a Strategic C4I Problem?

Packer, George. (2006/12/18). Knowing the enemy: Can social scientists redefine the “war on terror”? The New Yorker.

Packer, George. (2008). Kilcullen on Afghanistan: “It’s still winnable, but only just.” The New Yorker, November 14.

Palpini, Kristin. (2008). Professors no fans of military anthropology program. Amherst Bulletin, January 11.

Pelton, Robert Young. (2009). Afghanistan: The new war for hearts and minds. Men’s Journal, Jan. 21.

(read: “U.S. Army response to Robert Young Pelton’s “The new war for hearts and minds” plus author’s response:

Peter, Tom A. (2009). Should anthropologists help US military in Iraq, Afghanistan wars? Embedding anthropologists with US military in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars is both praised and derided by academics as violating a social scientist’s basic pledge: to do no harm. Christian Science Monitor, December 11.

Peters, Ralph. (2000). The Human Terrain of Urban Operations. Parameters, Spring: 4-12.

Peterson, Scott. (2007). Counterinsurgency efforts focus on better grasping and meeting local needs. Christian Science Monitor, September 27.

Porter, Patrick. (2007). Good anthropology, bad history: The cultural turn in studying war. Parameters 38 (2) Summer: 45-58.

Price, David H. (1998). Cold War Anthropology: Collaborators and Victims of the National Security State. Identities, 4 (3/4): 389-430.

Price, David H. (2000). Anthropologists as spies. The Nation, November 20.

Price, David H. (2000). The AAA and the CIA. Anthropology News, 41(8): 13-14. November.

Price, David H. (2001). Spying on radical scholars. Radical History Review, Winter, 79: 169-172.

Price, David H. (2002). Present dangers, past wars and past anthropologies. Anthropology Today, 18 (1): 3-5.

Price, David H. (2002). Interlopers and invited guests: On anthropology’s witting and unwitting links to intelligence agencies. Anthropology Today, 18 (6): 16-21.

Price, David H. (2002). Lessons from Second World War anthropology: Peripheral, persuasive, and ignored contributions. Anthropology Today, 18(3).

Price, David H. (2003). Cloak and trowel. Archaeology, 56 (3), May-June.

Price, David H. (2003). The spies who came in from the dig. The Guardian, September 4.

Price, David H. (2003). Anthropology Sub Rosa: The AAA, the CIA and the Ethical Problems Inherent in Secret Research. In Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban (Ed.), Ethics and the Profession of Anthropology: Dialogue for Ethically Conscious Practice, pp. 29-49.  Second Edition. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Price, David H. (2005). The CIA’s Campus Spies: Exposing the Pat Roberts Intelligence Scholars Program. CounterPunch, March 12-13.

Price, David H. (2005). CIA skullduggery in academia: Carry on spying (or pay us back at the rate of 2,400 per cent). CounterPunch, May 21-22.

Price, David H. (2005). America the ambivalent: Quietly selling anthropology to the CIA. Anthropology Today, 21 (5): 1-2.

Price, David H. (2006). American anthropologists stand up against torture and occupation of Iraq. CounterPunch, November 20.

Price, David H. (2007). Buying a piece of anthropology, part one: Human Ecology and unwitting anthropological research for the CIA. Anthropology Today, 23 (3): 8-13.

Price, David H. (2007). Buying a piece of anthropology, part two: Our tortured past. Anthropology Today, 23 (5): 17-22.

Price, David H. (2007). Pilfered scholarship devastates General Petraeus’s Counterinsurgency Manual. CounterPunch, October 30.

Price, David H. (2007). Interview with Amy Goodman for story on “Anthropologists Up in Arms Over Pentagon’s ‘Human Terrain System’ to Recruit Graduate Students to Serve in Iraq, Afghanistan” on Democracy Now, Pacifica Radio, December 13.

Price, David. H. (2008). Social science in harness: Inside the Minerva Consortium. CounterPunch, June 24.

Price, David H. (2008). First Read of a Leaked Handbook: The Leaky Ship of Human Terrain Systems. CounterPunch, December 12-14.

Price, David H. (2008). Payback time: The student who decided not to be a spook. CounterPunch, 15 (15), 1-15 September: 6-8.

Price, David H. (2009). Roberto González on Human Terrain Systems: Counterinsurgency, Anthropology and Disciplinary Complicity. CounterPunch, February 3.

Price, David H. (2009). Counterinsurgency’s free ride: The press and Human Terrain Systems. CounterPunch, April 7.

Price, David H. (2009). Son of PRISP: Obama’s classroom spies. CounterPunch, June 23.

Price, David H. (2009). Anthropology, Human Terrain’s Prehistory, and the Role of Culture in Wars Waged by Robots: From “Gentle Pursuasion” to “Better Killing.” CounterPunch, 16 (17) Oct. 1-15: 1, 4-6.
Reproduced online as:
A Better Way to Kill? Human Terrain Systems, Anthropologists and the War in Afghanistan. CounterPunch, December 1.

Price, David H. (2009). Anthropological engagements with military and intelligence agencies: Ethics, politics, and ongoing discourse. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, September 9.

Price, David H. (2009). Going Native: Hollywood’s Human Terrain Avatars. CounterPunch, December 23.

Pryor, Mike, Sgt. (2007). Culture Experts: Human Terrain Team helps Soldiers in Iraq understand the cultural landscape. First Team News, Fort Hood, December. (2010). ¿Debe ser un antropólogo un “arma” de guerra? February 5.

Raimondo, Justin. (2009). The Afghan ‘Experiment’: When all else fails, mobilize the social scientists!, December 11.

Redden, Elizabeth. (2007). Secrecy and anthropology. Inside Higher Ed. December 3.

Redden, Elizabeth. (2008). Ethics and militarization dominate anthropology meeting. Inside Higher Ed, November 21.

Redden, Elizabeth. (2008). Anthropological engagement, for good and for bad. Inside Higher Ed, November 24.

Redden, Elizabeth. (2008). Raised eyebrows over keynote choice. Inside Higher Ed, November 26.

Reid, Tim. (2009). Freedom for US contractor Don Ayala who shot dead handcuffed Taleban killer. The Times, May 9.

Renzi, Fred, Lt. Col. (2006). Networds: Terra incognita and the case for ethnographic intelligence. Military Review, Sep-Oct.

Ricks, Thomas E. (2010). The Flynn Report (V): How to feed the beast. Foreign Policy, January 18.

Ridgeway, James; Schulman, Daniel, and Corn, David. (2008). There’s something about Mary: Unmasking a gun lobby mole. Mother Jones, July 30.

Riechmann, Debb. (2009). NATO official: US intel lacking in Afghanistan. Associated Press, January 5.

Roberts, Audrey. (2009). A unique approach to peacekeeping: Afghanistan and the Human Terrain System. Journal of International Peace Operations, 5 (2) Sept-Oct: 24-25.

Rohde, David. (2007/10/5). Army Enlists Anthropology in War Zones. The New York Times.

Rombeck, Terry. (2003). Government backs idea to train spies on college campuses. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, May 13.

Roxborough, Ian. (2008). The military-social science interface. The Minerva Controversy, October 29.

Rush, Laurie W. (2009). CEAUSSIC: Mars turns to Minerva:  Thoughts on archaeology, the military, and collegial discourse. Blog of the American Anthropological Association, July 21.

Rylko-Bauer, Barbara. (2008). Applied anthropology and counterinsurgency. Newsletter of the Society for Applied Anthropology 19 (1) Feb: 1-5.

Sapone, Montgomery. (1999). Have rifle with scope, will travel: The global economy of mercenary violence. California Western International Law Journal, 30 (1), Fall.

Satia, Priya. (2008). The forgotten history of knowledge and power in British Iraq, or why Minerva’s owl cannot fly. The Minerva Controversy, October 17.

Schwartz, Jeremy. (2009). Austin psychologist on the front lines in fight against Taliban., September 27. Retrieved October 4, 2009, from

Schweitzer, Colonel Martin P. (2008). Testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, Terrorism & Unconventional Threats Sub-Committee and the Research & Education Sub-Committee of the Science & Technology Committee , 110th Congress, 2nd Session Hearings on the Role of the Social and Behavioral Sciences in National Security. Washington DC: United States House of Representatives, 24 April. Retrieved August 4, 2008, from

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). Iraq diary: shame and honor in Fallujah. WIRED Danger Room, September 4.

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). Weekly Standard blasts “Human Terrain.” WIRED Danger Room, November, 18.

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). Army social scientists calm Afghanistan, make enemies at home. WIRED Danger Room.

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). Academics turn on “Human Terrain” whistleblower. WIRED Danger Room, December 3.

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). Exploring Baghdad’s “Human Terrain” (Updated). WIRED Danger Room, December 13.

Shachtman, Noah. (2007). How technology almost lost the war: In Iraq, the critical networks are social — not electronic. WIRED Magazine, 15.12, November 27.

Shachtman, Noah. (2008). “Human Terrain” called year’s biggest euphemism. WIRED Danger Room, January 8.

Shachtman, Noah. (2008). 2nd ‘Human Terrain’ social scientist slain in 7 weeks. WIRED Danger Room, June 25.

Shachtman, Noah. (2008). Montgomery McFate: Use anthropology in military planning. WIRED Danger Room, September 22.

Shacthman, Noah. (2008). Army anthropologist’s controversial culture clash. WIRED Danger Room, September 23.

Shachtman, Noah. (2008). Army social scientist set afire in Afghanistan. WIRED Danger Room, November 6.

Sharlet, Jeff. (2000). Tinker, writer, artist, spy: Intellectuals during the Cold War. Chronicle of Higher Education, 46 (30) March 31.

Shay, Christopher. (2008). Should anthropologists go to war? TIME Magazine, December 13.,8599,1947095,00.html?xid=rss-topstories-cnnpartner

Shweder, Richard A. (2007). Op-Ed: A true culture war. New York Times, October 27.

Sider, Gerald M. (2009). Can anthropology ever be innocent? AnthroNow, 1 (1) April.

Silverman, Adam. (2008). The why and how of Human Terrain Teams. Inside Higher Ed, February 19.

Barry G. Silverman. (2007). Human Terrain data — What should we do with it? Proceedings of the 2007 Winter Simulation Conference.

Simons, Dolph C. Jr. (2002). Proposed program could benefit nation’s intelligence effort. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, February 23.

Simons, Dolph C. Jr. (2003). Intelligence training plan could provide vital insight to U.S.. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, November 29.

Simons, Dolph C. Jr. (2004). Roberts and Moos: Right men, right place, right time. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, July 24.

Slaikeu, Karl L. (2009). Winning the war in Afghanistan: An oil spot plus strategy for Coalition Forces. Small Wars Journal, May 18, 2009.

Sluka, Jeffrey A. (2009). Curiouser and Curiouser: Montgomery McFate’s Strange Interpretation of the Relationship between Anthropology and Counterinsurgency. Paper presented at the Southwestern Anthropological Association Annual Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, April 30-May 3.

Spina, Romina. (2007). More culture, language skills necessary in modern warfare, KU professors say. Lawrence Journal-World & 6News, September 12.

Stannard, Matthew B. (2007). Montgomery McFate’s mission: Can one anthropologist possibly steer the course in Iraq? San Francisco Chronicle, April 29.

Stanton, John. (2008). US Army Human Terrain System in Disarray: Millions of Dollars Wasted, Two Lives Sacrificed. Cryptome, July 22.

Stanton, John. (2008). US Army Human Terrain System: From Super Concept to Absolute Farce. Cryptome, August 14.

Stanton, John. (2008). US Army Human Terrain System Madness Mayhem Cash. Cryptome, October 6.

Stanton, John. (2008). Cleaning Up US Army/TRADOC’s Human Terrain System (HTS): Terminate Current Management, Move HTS to Civil Affairs. Cryptome, November 6.

Stanton, John. (2008). Law Breaking, Fraud Alleged at Imploding US Army Human Terrain Program. Cryptome, November 12.

Stanton, John. (2008). Guantanamo Treatment for US Civilian Human Terrain Team Member. Cryptome, November 17.

Stanton, John. (2008). Human Terrain System: Murder Charges, Espionage, Paranoia, General Sacked. Cryptome, November 26.

Stanton, John. (2008). General Petraeus’ Favorite Mushroom: The US Army’s Human Terrain System. Cryptome, December 4.

Stanton, John. (2008). US Army Promotes Waste, Fraud and Abuse in TRADOC Human Terrain Program. Cryptome, December 11.

Stanton, John. (2009). Human Terrain System Info G3 Briefing FGUO. Cryptome, January 14.

Stanton, John. (2009). Hamas IT Tops Human Terrain System IT in Internet Capability, Savvy. Cryptome, January 14.

Stanton, John. (2009). Human Terrain System Meets the Bowman Expeditions: US Army/TRADOC Embroiled in Another Controversy. Cryptome, January 29.

Stanton, John. (2009). US Government Takeover of Human Terrain System: HTS Program Managers Spared, Laugh On Way to Bank. Cryptome, February 11.

Stanton, John. (2009). The Mystical Realm of Human Terrain and COIN: Who is in Charge?. Cryptome, February 17.

Stanton, John. (2009). Death Threat Tarnishes Army Human Terrain System. Cryptome, February 26.

Stanton, John. (2009). US Army report on Human Terrain System: toxic at headquarters and in Bagram. Pravda, April 6.

Stanton, John. (2009). USA v Don Ayala: HTS, Army Leaders on Trial Too. Cryptome, May 8.

Stanton, John. (2009). US Army’s Human Terrain System Like Swine Flu: Get Near it and You’re Infected. Cryptome, June 8.

Stanton, John. (2009). Human Terrain System in the Kill-Pacify Chain: Key Element in Obama’s Hearts & Minds, Smart Power Campaign. Cryptome, August 7.

Stanton, John. (2009). Human Terrain System 2009-2010: US Congress Rewards Failure, Puts Personnel in Harms Way. Cryptome, October 8.

Stanton, John. (2009). HTS Sergeant Wesley Cureton Wounded. Cryptome, December 10.

Stanton, John. (2009). US Army Human Terrain System Giving Birth? Cryptome, December 15.

Stanton, John. (2010). The New Face of the Human Terrain System. Zero Anthropology, January 22.

Stanton, John. (2010). Iraqi Insurgents Capture Human Terrain Team Member: Issa T. Salomi. Zero Anthropology, February 7.

Stanton, John. (2010). New Details Emerge in Salomi Hostage Case: High Drama in HTS. Zero Anthropology, February 8.

Stein, Jeff. (2009). Anthropology Association condemns work with U.S. counterinsurgency. The Huffington Post, December 3.

Sterling, Bruce. (2008). Private spooks in American politics. WIRED Beyond the Beyond, July 30.

Stier, Ken. (2007). Anthropologists on the front lines. TIME, December 11.,8816,1693592,00.html

Stille, Alexander. (2003). Experts can help rebuild a country. The New York Times, 19 July.–%20Weeks%201-5/

Stockman, Farah. (2009). Anthropologist’s war death reverberates. Boston Globe, February 12.

Swire, Nathan. (2008). McFate explains Human Terrain Teams. The, September 26.

Thiry, Martin, and, Lemonds, David W. (n.d.). At Cross Currents, But Decidedly Not At Odds: Military-Industry and the Social Sciences.

Tirman, John. (2008). Pentagon priorities and the Minerva program. The Minerva Controversy, October 9.

Tompkins, Matthew, Capt. (2008-2008). Iraq’s Human Terrain: The Most Critical Piece of Ground. Blog.

Troop Scoop (2009). Soldiers meet with leaders in remote Afghan province. Canada Free Press, December 29.

Tyrell, Marc W.D. (2007). Why Dr. Johnny won’t go to war: Anthropology and the global war on terror. Small Wars Journal, February.

Tyrell, Marc W.D. (2007). Response to Gusterson and Price. Small Wars Journal.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers — Army Geospatial Center. (n.d.). Human Terrain System (HTS).

U.S. Army and Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Center. (2009). Counterinsurgency SITREP. February 18.

U.S. Department of the Army (2006). Counterinsurgency Field Manual, FM 3-24/MCWP 3-33.5. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2008). Broad Agency Announcement Number W911NF-08-R-0007 (Solicitation of grant proposals for the Minerva Research Initiative).

U.S. Department of Defense. (2008). Department of Defense Bloggers Roundtable with Thomas Mahnken, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy Planning, via teleconference – subject: The Minerva Consortia Initiative. Time: 9:59 A.M. EDT. Date: Wednesday, May 7, 2008.

U.S. Department of Defense. (2010). DOD Announces Army Civilian Employee As Excused Absence Whereabouts Unknown. February 5.

U.S. Department of Defense & National Science Foundation. (2008). Social and Behavioral Dimensions of National Security, Conflict, and Cooperation (NSCC) — Program Solicitation NSF 08-594. no date.

U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. (2008). United States of America v. Don Ayala. Criminal Complaint. Case No. 1:08mj989, November 19.

U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. (2008). United States of America v. Don Ayala. Affidavit in Support of Criminal Complaint. Case No.1:08mj989, November 19.

U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. (2009). United States of America v. Don Ayala. Statement of Facts. Criminal No. 1:08cr474, February 3.

U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. (2009). United States of America v. Don Ayala. Addendum to Government’s sentencing memorandum. Criminal No. 1:08cr474, May 8.

Vandiver, John. (2009). “AFRICOM building research center: Knowledge development team is expected to be fully staffed within 6 months.” Stars and Stripes, June 15.

Vaughn, Chris. (2010). In Dallas talk, Gen. Petraeus offers insights on Afghanistan war. Star-Telegram, February 4.

Vergano, Dan, and Weise, Elizabeth. (2008). Should anthropologists work alongside soldiers? USA Today, Dec. 8.

Vergano, Dan. (2009). Army anthropology program in Iraq criticized. USA Today, December 3. (n.d.) Fan page: “Mitzy Cybele Carlough Mitzy Carlough Montgomery Carlough Montgomery Sapone Montgomery McFate.”

Vine, David. (2007). Enabling the Kill Chain. Chronicle of Higher Education, November 30, B9-10.
and at:

Waltz, Ed. (2007). Intelligence Analysis and Processing for Non-Physical Target Systems. IDGA Intelligence Analysis and Processing Conference.

Ward, William E. “Kipp,” General. (2008). TRANSCRIPT: General Ward Outlines Vision for U.S. Africa Command. United States Africa Command (AFRICOM), February 18.

Warden, James. (2009). ‘First with the truth.’ Stars and Stripes, May 5.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2007). Can Social Scientists Win the War On Terrorism? WIRED Danger Room, August 8.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2007). Report: Military Should Double Social Science Cash. WIRED Danger Room, September 18.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2007). When Anthropologists Go to War (Against the Military). WIRED Danger Room, September 19.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2007). Anthropology Ass’n Blasts Army’s “Human Terrain.” WIRED Danger Room, November 7.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2007). Anthro wars heat up. WIRED Danger Room, November 22.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Gates: Human Terrain Teams going through ‘growing pains’. WIRED Danger Room, April 16.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Pentagon’s Project Minerva sparks new anthro concerns. WIRED Danger Room, May 1.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Pentagon’s academic outreach: Big talk, little cash. WIRED Danger Room, May 7.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). ‘Human Terrain’ social scientist killed in Afghanistan. WIRED Danger Room, May 9. [no longer online]

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Pentagon kicks off social science consortium. WIRED Danger Room, June 16.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Do Pentagon studs make you want to bite your first? WIRED Danger Room, June 17.

Weinberger, Sharon. (2008). Military research: The Pentagon’s Culture Wars. Nature News, 455 (7213), October 1: 583-585.

The White House. (2005). National Security Presidential Directive 44. December 7.

Weiss, Mark L. (2008). Testimony before the Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Terrorism, Unconventional Threats and Capabilities and Committee on Science and Technology Subcommittee on Research and Science Education. Washington DC: United States House of Representatives, April 24. Retrieved August 4, 2008, from

Whitehead, Neil L. (2009). Ethnography, Torture and the Human Terrain/Terror Systems. Fast Capitalism, 5 (2).


Wilder, Andrew. (2009). Winning Hearts and Minds? Examining the Effectiveness of Aid as a Stabilization Tool in Afghanistan. [PowerPoint presentation]. Feinstein International Center, Tufts University.

Willey, Robert. (2009). The theory and practice of war. Boston Magazine, May.

Wineera, Josh, Major. (2009). Developing a model to aid understanding in the complex contemporary operating environment. Presentation to US Army/USMC Counterinsurgency Centre. Inter–Bella: Understanding the Area of Operations Ecosystem.

Wireless Design & Development. (2010). “Human Terrain Analysis” Helps Commanders Visualize the Battlefield and Analysts Discover Hidden Patterns.

Wolinsky, Howard. (2009). Anthropology shoots at military program for GI Jones to track cultures in combat zones. Allvoices, December 28.

Yee, Amy. (2009). A friend falls in Afghanistan. The Progressive, June.

Zumer, John, Col. (2009). Human Terrain Teams building friendship and future. Digital Video & Imagery Distribution System, 28 February.

US Army’s Human Terrain System Like Swine Flu: Get Near it and You’re Infected US Army’s Human Terrain System Like Swine Flu: Get Near it and You’re Infected

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  1. Bibliography and Archive: The Military, Intelligence Agencies, and the Academy (with special reference to anthropology) – Documents, News, Reports « ZERO ANTHROPOLOGY

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